Is that No Removable Tracking Smartwatches is The Best Solution for Prisons and Parole?
1. What is community correction?
Community corrections refer to the non-custodial correctional sentences imposed on those who have been sentenced to control, probation, parole, and temporary execution outside prison. Community corrections include probation — correctional supervision within the community rather than jail or prison and parole which a period of conditional, supervised release from prison.
The original reason for the implementation of community corrections was to relieve the pressure caused by too many prisoners. Its purpose is to make correction objects correct their bad habits and help them reintegrate into society through the help of the government, society and caring people. The nature of the non-custodial sentence of community correction can enable it to better adapt to the society and return to society with the help of the government, the community, social caring people and relatives without leaving the society and life, so as to realize re-socialization. process of transformation.
2. What are the advantages & disadvantages relationship of community corrections and prison corrections?
The most common form of liberty in execution is imprisonment. It is undeniable that imprisonment plays a huge role in crime prevention. However, with the continuous development of criminal law theory and the gradual deepening of human rights thinking, people gradually realize that imprisonment correction has its limitations. Therefore, the lightening of the types of punishment, the lighter punishment and the opening up of punishment have become the inevitable result of the development and progress of criminal law.
Under this circumstance, community corrections have been widely carried out all over the world with the wave of socialization of execution. If it is said that the replacement of corporal punishment with free punishment is the first leap in the execution of punishment, then the community corrections system has taken a big step towards the civilization and progress of human society, realizing the development of punishment execution from imprisonment to non-custodial punishment. the second leap. Community corrections have great advantages over incarceration corrections. But this does not mean that community corrections can replace incarceration corrections. In fact, community corrections and incarceration corrections are mutually reinforcing. Community corrections are clearly stipulated in the criminal legislation of various countries, which will surely promote the further cooperation between the two correction systems, thereby achieving significant results in joint crime prevention. There are two points about the relationship between the two:
First, community corrections can make up for incarceration corrections.
There are two unbreakable problems in the prevention of crime by imprisonment and correction:
First, there is a contradiction between the relative finiteness of prisons and the relative infinity of criminals. In the long run, the construction of prisons is limited, and the population is constantly growing, and the number of criminals in the growing population is also gradually increasing. Prison correction cannot be the ultimate choice for crime prevention; in the short term, a certain period of time in society, the cost of the state's investment in prisons is limited. In terms of economic costs alone, the corresponding cost of community corrections generally does not exceed 20% of prison detention. Implementing community corrections will save more judicial resources.
The social law school believes that the reason why criminals commit crimes is determined by social factors and personal factors. Society itself is an incentive for crime. Choosing to put criminals into society and using social forces to correct them is "the right medicine", which realizes the internal digestion of criminals in society and effectively solves the problem of limited execution resources. Taking the team building of correction staff as an example, correction requires staff to have correction knowledge, correction technology and correction ability to correct criminals' psychology and behavior. However, the resources of special correction officers, probation officers and parole officers for national criminal execution are limited.
Therefore, the implementation of community corrections can rely on and take advantage of various correctional resources and service forces in the community to effectively deal with crimes. This is not only the fundamental difference between community corrections and prison corrections, but also the biggest advantage of community corrections over prison corrections. Putting criminals in the community for correction can not only reduce the human and financial burden of prisons, but also reduce the state's economic investment in prisons, reduce the cost of imprisonment and execution, ease the pressure of corrections in prisons, and enable prisons to concentrate human, financial, and material resources. Correct those criminals who are subjectively malignant and socially harmful.
Second, the contradiction between prisonization and resocialization of criminals. The results of modern criminology research show that the reason why criminals commit crimes is that their socialization process is not fully completed, while traditional imprisonment and corrections cast criminals into prisons and isolate them from society, which greatly weakens the basic conditions for socialization. And the environment, on the contrary, the socialization speed of criminals lags far behind that of normal members of society. Not only that, imprisoning criminals in prisons will also enable criminals to learn criminal techniques and skills virtually, spread prison subcultures, and thus form cross-infection. For example, some first-time offenders experience increased personal danger after a period of imprisonment.
It can be seen from this that although the isolation function of prisons has a positive effect on criminals with a high degree of social danger, such isolation cannot be used as the ultimate means of crime prevention, because criminals, except those sentenced to death immediately, will eventually Still have to return to society. For criminals, the longer the isolation time and the higher the degree of isolation, the lower the possibility of re-socialization, and the greater the possibility of committing crimes after re-entering society. And community correction just overcomes this defect of incarceration correction.
Community corrections place criminals in a socialized environment, so that criminals can take on family and social responsibilities to the greatest extent possible, and on this basis, targeted psychological guidance and behavioral norms are given to criminals, so as to promote criminals to form a healthy social personality. Realize resocialization, so that criminals can finally return to society as ordinary members of society, and avoid the [prison personality", "prisoner personality" that may be caused by negative obedience, severe loss of self-confidence.
Secondly, prison correction is the backing and guarantee of community correction.
Community correction has advantages, but it also has limitations in application. This is because the safety of the community must be taken into consideration when placing criminals in the community, and it is possible to apply only when the criminals themselves have relatively minor crimes and less personal danger. On the contrary, if some criminals with high personal danger such as violent crimes are also placed in the community, it will not only fail to prevent crime, but condone it. In addition, in order to ensure the effect of community corrections, it is necessary to establish a bridge between community corrections and incarceration corrections. This can not only promote the active reform of criminals, but also make community corrections applicable without "worry" and boldly apply.
To sum up, correction is a concept, and the choice of correction site and correction content directly reflects the application sequence of punishment from heavier to lighter, and there is a transition sequence that gradually transitions in correction method. Community correction is not an isolated system, nor is it a measure that exerts its correction function in isolation. The similarity of correction goals shows that community execution and prison execution are a related unity. The establishment of community corrections as opposed to incarceration corrections can provide a broader space for crime prevention. Judging from the characteristics of custodial corrections and community corrections, custodial corrections close the door to society for criminals, while community corrections open the door to society for criminals. When opening this stage, the systematic and continuous nature of correction must be taken into account, so that the two correction systems can be connected, and through their complementary and synergistic effects, the execution resources can be reasonably allocated and the penalty effectiveness can be enhanced. The cost of execution is reduced.
3. Mainstreams solution for communication correction?
Electronic Fetters are popular electronic GPS monitoring ankle devices in some countries or regions to ensure criminal suspects will not escape. For criminal suspects sentenced to controlled, community labor or released on bail pending trial during the investigation stage, special electronic fetters are worn to ensure that criminal suspects cannot escape and cannot commit criminal activities again. The E-chains will sound an alarm when they go beyond a pre-defined area. It widely used in short-term free sentences, department of justice control sentences, probation, parole, folded execution outside prison, and compulsory measures.
The advantages of electronic monitoring ankle:
1. Take the initiative to prevent escape. The ranging accuracy of the system reaches the meter level, which can measure the distance between the police officer and the escorted person. When the police officer and the escorted person exceed the predetermined distance, the system immediately and actively sends an alarm, which not only prompts the police officer, but also warns the escorted person.
2. The whole is firm and reliable. The main body of the foot buckle adopts a one-time forming process of high-strength aviation titanium alloy, which can effectively prevent the damage methods such as prying, pulling, and smashing with conventional tools. At the same time, the lock adopts the super B-level lock cylinder with the current high security level, which can prevent the technical unlocking of more than 270 minutes, so that the prisoner cannot be disassembled during the escape process. In addition, the protection capability of IP57 enables the foot buckle to be used normally in harsh environments.
3. Assist in pursuit and escape. When the escorted person exceeds the predetermined distance, the electronic foot buckle he wears continuously emits a voice alarm of "I am a fugitive", so that the police officer can immediately search for the sound to chase and escape, and realize the arrest in a short time. At the same time, the system automatically sends a voice alarm to the command post, so that the command post can be informed of the police situation and can track the escaped persons in real time on the electronic map, providing a basis for chasing and fleeing decisions.
4. The operation is simple and easy to use. The system only needs "one button, one lock, one binding" to complete the operation. The process is simple and easy to learn, so that police officers can master the use method after only a few minutes of training. Work required.
The electronic monitoring bracelet can be used for various outing scenarios such as going out for medical treatment, throwing in prison, transferring to prison, appearing in court, identifying the scene, visiting relatives and so on.
4. What is the trending, latest community correction solutions?
After review the advantages of electronic monitoring ankle gps tracker, we found it caused few main problems to 95% wearers, bringing confuse to them because:
Legally, it is absolutely necessary for repeat offenders to implement electronic monitoring ankle gps tracker, provided there is relevant legal support.
Technically, electronic shackles are unreliable, and can be cracked and destroyed by humans, which can't play the role of supervision and early warning. Unless the electronic chip is implanted in the body, it increases the difficulty of destruction.
Ethically, electronic monitoring ankle gps tracker are suspected of discrimination, and it is easy to reveal whereabouts and violate privacy.
Therefore, at this stage, the solution of electronic monitoring ankle gps tracker is too obvious, and the too conspicuous features bring a lot of troubles to the wearer's life.
The smart communication correction system consists of correction management cloud platform, tamper-proof smart bracelet, and mobile phone APP. The system aims to improve the management ability and level of community corrections and help corrections personnel to better reform, and realizes the location tracking, behavior analysis, electronic fence, attendance check-in, notification announcement, online group communication, online learning and education of community corrections personnel, etc. Integrated intelligent correction management.
A tamper proof gps watch with heart rate sensor appearance looks like a normal smart watch, it provides gps, WIFI, LBS accurate location, and precise heart rate. The features are including tamper alarm, real-time tracking, location history, 2 ways communication, sos emergency call, geofence, heart rate detection, It is small size and long standby time. This gps watch is IP67 waterproof and it can use for offender tracking and alzheimer people, Infectious patient tracking.
Normally a tamper proof wristbands with very solid design strap tamper proof gps watch, it is not easy to break with waterproof features. When someone try to cut the strap, it is not easy to cut because it has metal layer inside the strap and it can send tamper alarm to the monitor center.
Normal Smartwatches Looking
The YX99 Pro probation gps monitoring tamperproof smart gps watch appearance looks like other brands smart watch like HUAWEI, APPLE, XIAOMI, OPPO, Fitbit, etc. Put on any people wrist no one can found it is a community correction tracking device, not have any pressure from society, friends or family.
Because offender is not allowed to take off the tracking watch all the time. YX99 Pro is IP67 water proof design, The engineer also uses Nano technology to protect the PCBA inside. it is no problem with swimming even take shower. It will not be damaged because of the water
Tamper Proof Design
The Strap design is very solid design with tamper alarm features, it use very special screw to lock it, only available to open the tamper proof strap tamper proof allen wrench. The strap can adjust by different people's hand.
Solid Strap Mechanism
Please check the mechanism design of the strap. It integrated with metal layer so that it is not easy to break and cut. outside is medical standard PU, it is a material good for people skin. The connector between strap and watch are also very strong firmly.
Beidou/GPS/WIFI/LBS Multiple Precision Location
YX99 Pro is getting location by GPS, WIFI, LBS, it can make the location more accurate. The system will keep more than 6 months location history. The manager can create geofence to getting alert when the offender and alzheimer people is exit or enter the geofence. The manager can set the GPS interval from 1 -30 minutes for different tracking mode.
Location Report/SOS Button
When the gps tracking system required the offender to report location on time, there is a button just one click to report the real-time location of wearer. it is also can become a SOS emergency button, when people click the button over 8 seconds then the monitoring center will get the SOS alarm from the prison ankle bracelet.
Body Temperature/Heart Rate/Blood Pressure/Oxygen Detection
Integrate with various sensors and fitness tracker, it can provide many kinds of health monitoring for the offender. it is also collecting the heart rate, temperature, blood pressure, blood oxygen data randomly and showing on the monitor center, it can detect some cases while the offender try to do some bad things by detect the heart rate.
Offender Monitoring Tracking Platform and App
YX99 Pro offender community correction navigation and positioning system management platform includes web, iOS and Android, which can be used for free for life, and supports single person, group management, location management, system management, report management, etc. If there are special customization requirements, customization can be supported.
A smart community correction system consists of correction management cloud platform, tamper-proof smart bracelet, and mobile APP. The system aims to improve the management ability and level of community corrections and help corrections personnel to better reform, and realizes the location tracking, behavior analysis, electronic fence, attendance check-in, notification announcement, online group communication, online learning and education of community corrections personnel, etc. Integrated intelligent correction management.